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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM ON PHONE OR TABLET CHAPTER 2: BITING OBSERVED BEHAVIOR •• A child is biting other children, adults, or himself. •• A child is biting objects that could cause harm to himself or damage to the object. APPROPRIATE RESPONSE The immediate priority is to keep the child from harming others or being harmed. Infants and Toddlers •• When an infant bites, tell him calmly and firmly that biting hurts, then redirect him by offering a different toy or by moving him to another play space. •• Comfort the child who was bitten and attend to the injury (if necessary) by following your program’s procedures. Redirect the child to a soothing activity. •• When a toddler bites another child, place yourself between them and, at the eye level of the child who bit, say in a calm but firm voice, “No biting. It hurts.” Have the child who bit take deep breaths to relax. •• Tell the victim that you are there to help, and ask if he is hurt. Examine him for physical injury. If there is an injury, follow your program’s procedures. •• Redirect both children to soothing activities. Preschoolers •• When a preschooler bites someone, place yourself between the two children. At eye level, say in a calm but firm voice to the child who bit, “Stop biting.” Suggest deep breaths to help both the children relax. •• Tell the victim that you are there to help, ask if he is hurt, and examine him for physical injury. If there is an injury, follow your program’s procedures. COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL 5