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and authority to be active participants in the teaching and learning process
while understanding her own role as a learner and the children’s roles as
teachers. Facilitative teachers and leaders are intentional about sharing
control and aware of the importance of understanding their roles as learn-
ers. In a facilitative teaching environment, emergent curriculum occurs
when the teacher uses the emerging interests, questions, and skills of the
children to modify and change the original lesson plan. Facilitative leader-
ship occurs when leaders look for and use the emerging interests, questions,
and skills of others as focal points for increasing leadership.

Think about how you can vary your leadership function and style to
meet the needs or experience levels of your coworkers. People who are new
to a job or who are performing a new task may need more monitoring,
guidance, and direction. A directive leadership style is appropriate in that
situation. Those who have been performing a task for a long time may do
better if left to do what they do best; a facilitative leadership style will prob-
ably work better for them. Coworkers may need extra opportunities to learn
new perspectives and understand new values and priorities. They may need
more time for their ideas and beliefs to form or change. When you look at
leadership, remember that there is no best way to lead. Instead, you must
adapt your leadership function and style to the needs of the group. This is
exactly like taking a developmental approach to children’s learning. Devel-
opmentally appropriate practice applies to leadership as well!
Leadership Development
and Human Development
Leadership development, human development, and life experiences are
interrelated processes that help make us who we are. Human development
is the process by which we change cognitively, socially, intellectually, and
physically as we mature. Leadership development is the process by which
we increase our ability to create and influence change, growth, and achieve-
ment. Life experiences are those factors, events, and circumstances that
define who we are and influence how we see the world.

Human development and leadership development involve an evolution,
a transformation that changes who we are over time. This change is both
qualitative and quantitative. Through your life experiences, the quality of
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