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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET Over the past fifty years, opportunities to play at adult choice making and to experience real-world choice making have dwindled for children. In some cases, children are now told what to do, when to do it, and how it is to be done by well-meaning adults throughout the whole of their days. “Sally, it’s time for you to put the baby dolls away and move to the block area with Kenny. Remember, you two: no throwing blocks, and no towers taller than your waist. That’s just too dangerous.” The problem with this decrease in child choice is that kids who don’t have much practice making choices turn into young adults who don’t have much experi- ence making choices. Finally finishing school and entering the real world become overwhelming for young people faced with the onslaught of decisions that come with adulthood. The human brain is an apparatus, first and foremost, for dealing with the social environment. —Judith Rich Harris, The Nurture Assumption: Why Children Turn Out the Way They Do 8      Chapter 1 COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL