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24 DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET | Giants in the Nursery educational opus. His books and essays were only rediscovered and reprinted in the nineteenth century. Likewise, Comenius’s barely marked grave was also found at that time, and his remains reinterred with a proper tombstone. In the last century, there has been a growing interest in the man and his work (for example, Berg- son 1911, Anastasas 1973, Gardner 1993). This interest will no doubt continue to enhance his reputation and acknowledge the lasting importance of his work. The Man The Early Years, 1592–1611 John Amos Comenius was born in 1592 in Moravia, a province in what is now the Czech Republic. His father was a prosperous miller who belonged to the Moravian Brotherhood, a Protestant sect characterized by its extreme simplicity. Its members dedicated themselves to living as pure a life as possible in accord with the demands of a literal interpretation of scripture. Throughout his life, Comenius maintained a strong relationship with the brotherhood and, at various times, served as a teacher, a minister, and a church leader for the group. Because of the religious conflicts and prejudices of the times, the brotherhood was forced to leave Moravia and other provinces as well. As a result, Comenius led a nomadic life and, once he reached adulthood, was never able to return to his homeland. His nomadic existence was also assured by the death of both parents while he was still a child. Relatives looked after his rearing and schooling but with- out great warmth or affection. He entered the Latin school in his teens, at a later age than most of his peers. As an adult, his memories of the thousands of rules he had to learn, the deadly study of grammar, and the drudgery of translating Latin authors without a good working dictionary contributed to his deep and abiding sympathy for the struggles of the elementary school student. The hate he felt for his educational experience may well have contributed to his later decision to become an educator. The University Years, 1611–1628 In 1611 Comenius went on to Herborn University, where he intended to study for the ministry. It was at Herborn where he became acquainted with the work of the educational philosopher Ratke. This thinker’s radical ideas for educational change COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL