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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET 6 Introduction combination of a strong basis of child development, real-life experiences, and reflective thinking helped students connect theory and practice. This same model of learning is used in this book as a strategy for you to acquire a solid theoretical foundation and implement the inquiry process to support children’s learning. Going forward, we encourage you to deepen your understanding of early learning theories, develop a strong educational philosophy based on theory, and apply teaching strategies that support children’s growth and development through play. What’s in This Book The Learning or Developmental Theorists Many excellent researchers have developed theories about how children develop and learn. For this book, we chose to focus on the work—the the- ory—of child development theorists who provide the foundation for the field’s current early childhood practices. Each theory offers a particular viewpoint that supports different aspects of the development of young chil- dren. These varying perspectives provide a diverse, comprehensive view of the whole child. Throughout the book, we use the terms child development the- ories and early learning theories interchangeably. It should be noted that even though some of the theories offer specific developmental “ages and stages,” these divisions are not static; children move at their own individual paces and are also influenced by the culture in which they live. Part 1: The Theorists and Their Models Part 1 contains an explanation of the theoretical model and its use in everyday life. It introduces the seven theorists we cover—Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Abraham Maslow, John Dewey, Howard Gardner, and Louise Derman-Sparks—and provides a summary of each of their theories and focuses. This overview offers the foundation needed to understand each theoretical framework. To help you understand the basic theory, a story showing children at play is set alongside each theorist, followed by an explanation that connects the children’s behavior and development to that specific theorist’s ideas. Parts 2, 3, and 4: Theorists and the Developmental Domains Parts 2, 3, and 4 look at the social-emotional, cognitive, and physical devel- opmental domains through the eyes of seven child development theorists. Presenting the content by children’s development through these three domains provides definition and clarity. The social-emotional domain COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL