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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET 16     pa r t 1: u n d e r s ta n d i n g t h e n e e d s o f c h i l d r e n (Continued) Indicator Generally Begins Uses small muscles in hands to squish playdough 12–15 months Crawls up and down stairs 12–18 months Claps hands with enjoyment 12–18 months Controls small muscles in hands, such as using a spoon 12–18 months Puts one block on top of another 12–18 months Toddler Physical and Motor Development Indicators Indicator Generally Begins Walks up and down stairs with help, usually leading with same foot 18–24 months Runs with large gait 18–24 months Throws a ball 18–24 months Feeds self 18–24 months Dresses self 18–24 months Shows interest in toilet training 18–24 months Builds tower of three or more blocks 2–2 ½ years Runs with ease 2–2 ½ years Stands on tiptoes 2–2 ½ years Uses object to hammer and pound 2–2 ½ years Turns pages of book one at a time 2–2 ½ years Jumps from height of 12 inches 2–2 ½ years Moves fingers individually and draws circle 2 ½ –3 years Rides tricycle—may alternate between scooting and pedaling 2 ½ –3 years Preschool-Age Physical and Motor Development Indicators Indicator Generally Begins Copies and draws simple shapes and letters 3 years Uses scissors 3 years Uses small muscles in hands to color, cut, paste, and paint 3 years Swings arms when walking 3 years Walks on a balance beam or line 3 years (Continued) COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL