Additionally, learning by doing creates more neural networks in the brain
and throughout the body, making the entire body a tool for learning (Han-
There is a growing body of research determining that physical activity
activates the brain much more so than doing seatwork. While sitting increases
fatigue and reduces concentration, moderate- to vigorous-intensity movement
feeds oxygen, water, and glucose to the brain, optimizing its performance.
Beyond providing an opportunity for children to “feed” their brain and to
learn by doing, Toddlers contributes to cognitive development in the follow-
• These movement experiences offer numerous opportunities for the
children to deal with the concepts of space and shape. Thus they
will be learning to deal with abstract thought. Since language, num-
bers, and the alphabet are all abstractions, this is very necessary
preparation. • The children will have considerable opportunities to experience
directionality and spatial awareness, which are critical to reading
and writing abilities.
• By using a problem-solving method of instruction with the children,
you will be enhancing their problem-solving capabilities. They are
going to discover there will always be more than one way to solve
any problem or to meet any challenge.
• The children will experience cross-lateral movement, which helps
children cross the body’s midline and activates both hemispheres of
the brain in a balanced way. Because such movements involve both
of the eyes, ears, hands, and feet, as well as core muscles on both
sides of the body, they activate both hemispheres and all four lobes
of the brain. This means cognitive functioning is heightened and
learning becomes easier (Hannaford 2005).
• Body image influences a child’s emotional health, learning ability,
and intellectual performance.