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COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Heads, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes Ask the children to touch their heads, shoulders, knees, and toes as you call out the names of these parts. Once the children are experiencing success with this, reverse—and mix up—the order of the body parts. Extending the Activity: Vary the tempo at which you call out the body parts, or start out slowly and gradually accelerate (time). Add dramatic pauses—long and short—so the children are not sure when you will call out a body part (flow). Call out the body parts in a steady rhythm, perhaps challenging the children to add a clap between each touch. Observation and Evaluation: Can the child identify the appropriate body parts? Does the child demonstrate listening skills? Adding Equipment: Children can touch rhythm sticks, instead of their hands, to the body parts. If you are calling out the body parts rhythmically, the children can click their sticks together instead of clapping hands. Curriculum Connectors: Body-part identification is an important introductory concept for young children, falling under the theme of “My Body” and the content area of science. Listening skills are a part of both language arts and music. 32 COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL