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COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL 12 Introduction not be sedentary for more than 60 minutes at a time, except when sleeping. 3. Preschoolers should be encouraged to develop competence in fundamental motor skills that will serve as the building blocks for future motor skillfulness and physical activity. 4. Preschoolers should have access to indoor and outdoor areas that meet or exceed recommended safety standards for performing large-muscle activities. 5. Caregivers and parents in charge of preschoolers’ health and well-being are responsible for understanding the importance of physical activity and for promoting movement skills by providing opportunities for structured and unstructured physical activity. (AAHPERD 2009, 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17) NAEYC offers Standards for Early Childhood Professional Preparation Pro- grams. Among those standards met by Preschoolers & Kindergartners are the following: • Standard 1a: Knowing and understanding young children’s charac- teristics and needs. • Standard 1b: Knowing and understanding the multiple influences on development and learning. • Standard 1c: Using developmental knowledge to create healthy, respectful, supportive, and challenging learning environments. • Standard 3b: Knowing about and using observation, documenta- tion, and other appropriate assessment tools and approaches. • Standard 4a: Understanding positive relationships and supportive interactions as the foundation of their work with children. • Standard 4b: Knowing and understanding effective strategies and tools for early education. • Standard 4c: Using a broad repertoire of developmentally appropri- ate teaching/learning approaches. • Standard 5a: Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines. COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL