only 2.6% of observation intervals. During over 85% of intervals, children were
engaged in either very light activity or sedentary behaviors” (2008, 443).
Considered together, these factors provide cause for concern regarding chil-
dren’s fitness levels. Statistics indicate that 40 percent of five- to eight-year-olds
show at least one heart disease risk factor, including hypertension and obesity.
The latter, which is on the rise, particularly among children, has been linked to
television viewing (Bar-Or et al. 1998). A Canadian study determined that the
blood vessels of obese children have a stiffness normally seen in much older
adults who have cardiovascular disease (Science Daily 2010). Furthermore, the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that American
children born in the year 2000 face a one-in-three chance of developing type 2
diabetes, previously known as adult-onset diabetes because it was rarely seen in
A developmentally appropriate movement curriculum, such as Preschoolers
& Kindergartners, can give children the practice and instruction necessary to
refine their movement skills and expand their movement vocabularies. More-
over, with Preschoolers & Kindergartners, the children have the opportunity to
frequently experience success, which makes movement pleasurable for them.
Thus they are more likely to become (and stay!) physically fit.
Marianne Frostig, in her classic book Movement Education: Theory and Prac-
Movement education can help a child to adjust socially and emotionally
because it can provide him with successful experiences and permit interrela-
tionships with other children in groups and with a partner. Movement educa-
tion requires that a child be aware of others in [activities] in which he shares
space . . . ; he has to take turns and to cooperate. He thus develops social
awareness and achieves satisfaction through peer relationships and group
play. (1970, 26)
This book provides opportunities for successful experiences, and it permits
interrelationships with other children. Even before the children are asked to