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64 DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET M A K E E A R LY L E A R N I N G S TA N D A R D S C O M E A L I V E MATH STANDARDS IN PRESCHOOL LEARNING AREAS and regroup objects according to one or two attributes (e.g., shape, size); ■ ■ Blocks Children can ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ show increasing abilities to match, sort, put in a series, and regroup objects according to one or two attributes (shape, size, color, etc.); show interest and curiosity in counting and grouping objects and numbers; ■ ■ describe simple geometric shapes; ■ ■ understand the concept of measurement. As children build and construct, they are continually matching, sorting, and grouping different sizes and shapes of blocks. You can encourage them to count the blocks in their tower or count the number of square blocks they used to make their road. You can also describe the shapes of their blocks and encourage them to make shapes in their constructions. Identifying which blocks are longer or shorter and measuring them using a smaller block or a ruler can also extend block play mathematically. Dramatic Play Children can ■ ■ show increasing abilities to match, sort, put in a series, show interest and curiosity in counting and grouping objects and numbers; describe or represent sequences of events and time periods. In acting out family life and other life experiences, children are sorting and grouping the materials necessary to pretend cook or set the table. They may match all of the red plates or sort all of the plastic fruit into a bowl. You can encourage them to count how many people are at the table and set the table using one-to-one correspondence (one plate, one fork, one napkin for each person). Describing sequences of family routines and times of day for fam- ily events can help with understanding of sequence and time. Manipulatives Children can ■ ■ ■ ■ show increasing abilities to match, sort, put in a series, and regroup objects according to one or two attributes (e.g., shape, size); show interest and curiosity in counting and grouping objects and numbers; ■ ■ describe simple geometric shapes; ■ ■ recognize, classify, compare, and order whole numbers; ■ ■ use the language of comparison (e.g., equal, more, and less). COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL