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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET Mathematics Standards in Action M athematical concepts are an important part of every- day life. Recognizing similarities and differences in size, shape, position, and other characteristics enables us to function more effi ciently in daily tasks (setting a table, sorting laundry). Assessing quantities (by number, weight, or volume) is essential in preparing food or dealing with money. Young children are absorbing mathematical information as they play with objects like sorting boxes, pour and measure sand, help with household chores, and learn to wait their turn (Who’s first? Last?). And we, as adults, must guide them in further understanding by provid- ing them with the vocabulary of mathematics. We identify shapes for them. We talk about the positions of objects. We count out loud and explain first, second, and third. We give structure to the passage of time, and words to identify more or less. We introduce them to addition and subtraction as we add or take away items or people in various situations. We give names to numerals and relate them to the quantities they represent. We help them learn to represent mathematical findings in charts and graphs. In this chapter, I have chosen seven standards from different states that cover the range of mathematical early learning stan- dards around the country. I recognize that there are many more ways to address these standards than the ideas I have put forth here. I invite you to think about your classroom and curriculum. How will you address these standards in your program? COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL 49