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supervision, playground, 48 supplies. See materials; toys supportive environments. See wel- coming environments T tax deductions, 27 technology areas, 233–37 television watching, 234–35 temperament of children, 72–76 temporal environment clues to ineffectiveness, 254 A Day in the Life of Your Temporal Environment checklist, 83–84 described, 10, 81–82 learning domain supports, 71–72 lesson plans, 82, 83, 85–89 multiple intelligence supports, 68–69 routines, 96–97 rules and consequences, 97–101 schedules, 89–94 temperament supports, 73–74 transitions, 95–96 texting, to families, 35 textures, sensory stimulation and, 195–98 thematic activities, 81, 212–14 tolerance, teaching and modeling, 119–20, 149–50 tools, woodworking, 227–30 touch, sense of, 195 toxins and pollutants asbestos, 54 cleaning products, 46, 201 drinking water, 53–54 toys lead exposure, 46, 53 safety considerations, 45–46 See also games and puzzles; mate- rials track lighting, 187 traffic patterns/pathways, 162, 169 transitions, 84, 95–96 translations, language, 138–39 V ventilation, 201 verbal interactions. See conversations videos as communication tool, 35 made by children, 234 visual impairments, 28, 141, 142 W walkie-talkie systems, 59, 61 wall space, covering, 46–47, 193 water sources lead exposure and, 53–54 locations of, 6, 207, 216 webbing evaluation process, 164 websites, providing information via, 35 welcoming environments accommodating needs in, 127–28, 139–41 benefits of to children, 126 characteristics of, 126, 260 communication in, 127, 131–32, 136–39 community building, 129, 150–52 diversity, embracing, 128, 145–46 How Welcoming Is Your Program Environment? checklist, 127–29 individuality, supporting, 139–41 for older children, 143–44 openness, cultivating, 129, 147–48 reducing clutter in, 255–60 for special needs, children with, 140–41, 142–43 tolerance and respect, 129, 149–50 wheelchair accessibility, 140, 142 windows, 182, 183, 187, 201 woodworking activities, 227–30 writing activities, 239 writing surfaces, 209 U United Nations High Commission for Human Rights, on value of play, 121 universal design, 143 U.S. Department of Agriculture, food preparation, 53 U.S. Department of Justice, 27 U.S. General Services Administration (GSA), acoustical concerns, 199 284 • Index COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL