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8 CHAPTER 1 four-year-old children often run with their feet flat on the ground. As they grow older and develop movement skills, their legs and feet become better coordi- nated, and they begin to run more rhythmically on the balls of their feet. VOCABULARY balance fast outside spin bend gallop right tumble bounce inside roll up center left round yoga collision maze skeleton crawl movement slide down obstacle slow CREATING THE ENVIRONMENT Designate play spaces, both indoors and outdoors, that are large enough to accommodate all the children so they have freedom of movement. Areas should be obstacle-free to prevent tripping. Inspect your play area daily, and remove debris or other potential hazards (for example, stinging insects). Provide a variety of materials and toys (for example, balls, scarves, hoops, and steps) that facilitate a range of movements. EVALUATION Do children use familiar movements (for example, wiggling fingers or waving arms) in creative ways when demonstrated? Do children try variations of body movements (for example, a big wave of the whole arm or a small wave of the hand)? Do children move specific body parts when instructed (for example, when doing the “Hokey Pokey”)? Do children identify specific movements and skills (for example, jumping, running, and skipping) that they do well or are improving? Do children encourage one another when performing or trying movements?