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COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Bilingual Setting   This is a child development program with specific goals for supporting bilingual development in children. In this setting, two languages are consistently used and parent involvement is encouraged to attain the program’s bilingual goals. In addition to meeting all of the other standard requirements for earning a CDA, candidates seeking this specialization will need to show evidence (through a course description or syllabus) of hav- ing had training in Principles of Dual Language Learning as part of the required 120 clock hours. This would be indicated under subject area 2: “Advancing children’s physical and intellectual development.” When distributing the Family Questionnaires, the candidate will ask the families to pay close attention in answering question 14, which is specific to bilingual programs. There will also be differences in the Professional Portfolio for the bilingual candidate. For example, in the Resource Collection, the candidate will present resources in both languages that are used directly with families and children. These would include Resource Collection items RC I–3, RC II, RC III, and RC IV. For the Reflective Statements of Competence, the candidate will write three in English and three in the second language. The candidate will also need to include information in all six of the Reflective Statements about how principles of dual-language learning are ap- plied in daily practice with children. The Professional Philosophy Statement may be written in either language. The PD Specialist (the person who will conduct the verifica- tion visit) chosen by the candidate must be proficient in both languages and have had direct experience in bilingual early child- hood programs and with groups that are non–English speaking. The PD Specialist will conduct the reflective dialogue during the verification visit in both languages. The observation must take place in an early childhood program where both languages are used consistently every day. The candidate will demonstrate her use of the two languages during the observation. The Competency Standards outlined in the Council’s Competency Standards books have several specific dual-language indicators flagged, which the PD Specialist will be looking for during the observation. The CDA Exam may be taken in either English or Spanish. If the candidate speaks a language other than Spanish, the exam will be taken in English. During the reflective dialogue, the PD Specialist will speak with the candidate in both languages. Monolingual Setting   In this child development program, daily and consistent use of a language other than English is used. In most cases, this second language is Spanish. However, if the can- didate speaks a language other than Spanish, he or she will need COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Facts about the Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential and Process 9