Published by Redleaf Press
10 Yorkton Court
St. Paul, MN 55117
www.redleafpress.org © 2000, 2013 by Carol Garhart Mooney
All rights reserved. Unless otherwise noted on a specific page, no portion of this pub-
lication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or capturing on any information stor-
age and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher, except by
a reviewer, who may quote brief passages in a critical article or review to be printed
in a magazine or newspaper, or electronically transmitted on radio, television, or the
Internet. First edition published 2000. Second edition 2013.
Cover design by Jim Handrigan
Author photo by Jeff Klapes
Excerpt on page 56 is from “Linking Brain Principles to High-Quality Early Childhood
Education,” Exchange 202 (Nov/Dec): 8–11, by Stephen Rushton and Anne Juola-Rushton.
Copyright © 2011 Exchange Press, Inc. Reprinted with permission.
Photograph of Maria Montessori on page 35 © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS
Photograph of Erik Erikson on page 53 © Ted Streshinsky/CORBIS
Printed in the United States of America
20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13
12345678 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Mooney, Carol Garhart.
Theories of childhood : an introduction to Dewey, Montessori, Erikson, Piaget, and
Vygotsky / Carol Garhart Mooney. — Second edition.
Summary: “Examine the work of five groundbreaking education theorists: John
Dewey, Maria Montessori, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky—in relation to
early childhood. Theories of Childhood, Second Edition, provides a basic introduction to
each theorist and explains the relationship of theory to practice and its impact on real
children, teachers, and classrooms” — Provided by publisher.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-60554-138-9 (pbk.)
ISBN 978-1-60554-248-5 (e-book)
1. Early childhood education—Philosophy. 2. Child development—Philosophy.
Printed on acid-free paper