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COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Introduction to the Second Edition costs of alienation from nature, among them: diminished use of the senses, attention difficulties, and higher rates of physical and emotional illnesses” (2008, 36). Additionally, if children are not given opportunities to explore and embrace the natural world, who will take care of it in the future? And a decade ago, most of us didn’t pay much attention to the eth- nocentric (characterized by or based on the attitude that one’s own group is superior) nature of many of our considerations regarding children and families in the United States. We inter- pret all learning with a much broader lens as we consider cul- ture, changing times, the importance of time in nature, and practices we didn’t know existed even a decade ago. It is this spirit of “discovering in a new way” and inter- preting through a broader lens and application to a new generation of young children that I offer this second edition of Theories of Childhood. I hope to maintain the simplicity and directness readers have appreciated while taking a fresh look at our theoretical foundations in an increasingly rapidly changing world. 3 COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL