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develop strategies for challenging bias, and our style is to be direct about an issue but the culture of the child and their family is to be in- direct, we will face the challenge of navigating or negotiating between cultural differences. This requires an awareness of diverse styles and the creative willingness to explore, develop, and support a variety of strategies. Goal 1 Nurture the construction of a knowledgeable, confident identity as an individual and as a member of multiple cultural groups (such as gen- der, race, ethnicity, or class). This means creating the educational conditions in which all children are able to like who they are without needing to feel superior to any- one else. The negative bias many of us learn and begin to believe about our- selves is often called “internalized oppression.” We can also internal- ize messages of superiority if the majority of messages about a group we belong to are positive while those about other groups are negative. Goal 1 also means enabling children who are not of the dominant culture to develop the ability to operate within both their home cul- ture and the dominant culture, and to negotiate and problem solve when issues arise from differences between the two. Discussion Questions • How did you construct a knowledgeable and confident self- identity (in relation to your gender, race, ethnicity, or class)? Did your educational experience nurture the process? • What are some of the messages of inferiority you internalize when the majority of messages about a group you belong to are negative while those about other groups are positive? • What are some of the messages of superiority you internalize when the majority of messages about a group you belong to are positive while those about other groups are negative? • Describe a time when you were in a setting dominated by cul- tural values that were unfamiliar or different from your own. How did that feel? What difficulties did you experience? • What are some of the challenges or difficulties faced by mem- bers of subordinate cultural groups learning to operate in both their own and the dominant culture? 2 Start Seeing Diversity