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DOUBLE TAP TO ZOOM WITH PHONE OR TABLET Implementing Curriculum through the Planning/Observation/Individualization Cycle 1. A rich, well-organized classroom environment 2. Ample time for play and investigation with children making choices 3. Teachers scaffolding and assisting children as they play 4. More child-initiated activities than adult-led ones 5. Respectful, caring relationships with children and families 6. Integration of curriculum and authentic, observational assessment Elements of the Curriculum Process Planning Rich, well- organized environment Ample time for play and investigation with children making choices Implementation Respectful, caring relationships with children and families Age-appropriate Individualization, adjustments, and accommodations More child- initiated activities than adult-led ones goals integrated in all activities Observation Integration of curriculum and authentic, observational assessment Teachers scaffolding and assisting children as they play Reflection In chapter 2 you will find planning and reflection frameworks that in- corporate all of these elements. These frameworks can help teachers make sure they address all of the aspects of the curriculum process. They can contribute to the supervision process as directors and principals work with teachers. And they can help teachers more effectively inform parents and administrators of the work they are doing with the children in their class- rooms. When they are used, the frameworks may replace inappropriate expectations for paper-and-pencil tasks and instructional academics with a better understanding of how children learn through play and investigation with teacher support. The rest of the book analyzes each of the elements of the curriculum process in depth, but here is a brief look at each one. COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL 25