and use conceptual language. I can’t overstress the importance of books as tools for
introducing new concepts and language.
How to Use This Book
I created the 101 activities in this book to promote young children’s learning across
the four developmental domains. You can use any of these activities indoors or out-
doors. If I think an activity is better suited to one area of your classroom or to a time
of day, such as small-group or circle time, I have noted this. Each activity includes
detailed information about its developmental potential:
• Recommended Age
• Learning Outcomes
• How to Do It
Modifications for Twos
Expand the Activity
• Building Language Skills
Questions and Things to Say
Songs, Chants, and Fingerplays
The primary learning outcomes for each activity are indicated with a . These
symbols represent the activity’s target for learning and development. Secondary learn-
ing outcomes are listed as well. Activities to help children learn across developmental
domains can be selected on the basis of primary or secondary learning outcomes. For
example, suppose you want to focus on social-emotional development: appendix A
lists activities by learning domain. Use it to select activities that support specific learn-
ing, foster developmental competencies, and integrate children’s learning.
Some activities work better for infants than for older children and vice versa, so
each activity specifies a recommended age: infant, toddler, or infant and toddler.
You will see an icon on the top right-hand corner of each activity indicating the
recommended age group for each activity. Activities for toddlers can be great for two-
year-olds. Every activity includes modifications for making them more stimulating
for two-year-olds. The children in your care have a range of abilities, so you may
need to modify some of the activities to accommodate several developmental stages.
All of the activities include a list of suggested books and either a song or a chant.
As mentioned earlier, reading is important, and so is singing.
Setting the Stage for Activities