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COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL and use conceptual language. I can’t overstress the importance of books as tools for introducing new concepts and language. How to Use This Book I created the 101 activities in this book to promote young children’s learning across the four developmental domains. You can use any of these activities indoors or out- doors. If I think an activity is better suited to one area of your classroom or to a time of day, such as small-group or circle time, I have noted this. Each activity includes detailed information about its developmental potential: • Recommended Age • Learning Outcomes Social-Emotional Development Physical Development Cognitive Development Language Development • Materials Suggested Books • How to Do It Modifications for Twos Expand the Activity • Building Language Skills Vocabulary Questions and Things to Say Songs, Chants, and Fingerplays The primary learning outcomes for each activity are indicated with a . These symbols represent the activity’s target for learning and development. Secondary learn- ing outcomes are listed as well. Activities to help children learn across developmental domains can be selected on the basis of primary or secondary learning outcomes. For example, suppose you want to focus on social-emotional development: appendix A lists activities by learning domain. Use it to select activities that support specific learn- ing, foster developmental competencies, and integrate children’s learning. Some activities work better for infants than for older children and vice versa, so each activity specifies a recommended age: infant, toddler, or infant and toddler. You will see an icon on the top right-hand corner of each activity indicating the recommended age group for each activity. Activities for toddlers can be great for two- year-olds. Every activity includes modifications for making them more stimulating for two-year-olds. The children in your care have a range of abilities, so you may need to modify some of the activities to accommodate several developmental stages. All of the activities include a list of suggested books and either a song or a chant. As mentioned earlier, reading is important, and so is singing. COPYRIGHTED MATERIAL Setting the Stage for Activities 9