2 S i ntroducti on
Physical and Motor Development: a child’s growth and how he or she •
develops the large muscles for walking, running, and throwing, and the
small muscles for drawing, writing, feeding, and dressing.
Social Development: how a child interacts with other children and adults •
by sharing, cooperating, and following rules.
Emotional Development: a child’s self-esteem, self-control, and ability to •
Language Development: the ability to listen, understand, speak, and •
eventually to read and write.
Cognitive or Intellectual Development: a child’s ability to think, reason, •
solve problems, form concepts, remember ideas, and recognize objects.
Developmental domains are the specific areas of learning that young children
need to grow and develop. Part 1 includes an overview of each learning domain from
birth through age five: physical and motor, cognitive, communication and language,
and social and emotional. I also include a detailed list of developmental milestones
from which this curriculum was built. It is important that each domain be addressed
in your daily schedule of activities. The activities in this curriculum are creative and
inclusive to allow for the healthy development of the infants, toddlers, and preschool
children who participate in your family child care program.
how to Use this Curriculum
The foundation of a successful program is the relationships you have with the children
in your care, which allow you to know their individual needs to support their growth
and development. The nonmobile infant is given space to stretch on a blanket. Then,
as a baby working on crawling, she is given encouragement and room to move. When
this same baby is ready to pull up and try walking, you provide sturdy furniture and a
soft landing spot to support and encourage this new phase of development. Later the
toddler needs safe but challenging places to climb, and the preschooler needs room to
run and kick a ball. The same series of development occurs with cognitive, language,
and social/emotional learning. Providing safe challenges and encouragement facilitates
the learning that young children need to grow and develop. This curriculum has been
organized to support this type of teaching through quality care.
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