The Role of Training in Teacher Development and Program Quality . 7
training needs. The challenge is matching
the right teaching or training method to the
learning need—as you do when teaching
Regardless of the training methods used,
many regulatory agencies differentiate
between pre-service training and in-service
training. Typically, pre-service training
refers to education or training require-
ments that must be completed to qualify to
work in a specific capacity. For example,
a state may require twelve hours of pre-
service training in early childhood edu-
cation to qualify as an assistant teacher.
In-service training refers to training that is
completed while holding a particular posi-
tion. A state may require a certain number
of hours of in-service training for teachers
employed in child care programs. These
requirements vary from state to state and
many even vary within states, based on the
licensing agencies involved. Often, in-
service training is measured by the number
of hours per year each employee must
complete. Trainees expect you as the
trainer to be knowledgeable about train-
ing requirements, so it is important to be
aware of the pre-service and in-service
requirements of the regulatory agencies
that govern your program.
In addition to knowing the train-
ing requirements, it is essential for you
to understand the theories and profes-
sional guidelines associated with training.
Training has its own set of professional
guidelines, associations, theorists, and
well-known and respected practitioners
(again, just like early childhood educa-
tion). To be successful as a trainer, you
need to combine your knowledge of early
Spotlight on ASTD
The American Society for Training and Development (ASTD) has researched and
described the competencies and practices associated with training excellence.
Its Web site, conferences, publications, and certification programs are excellent
sources of information and professional development for anyone choosing a career
path as a trainer. Trainers from a wide variety of professions participate in ASTD.
Many also choose to pursue certification to enhance their credibility and profession-
alism. For more information about the organization, local affiliates, conferences, or
certification courses, see the ASTD Web site: www.astd.org.